Do you know what it looks like to be gluttonous?
In the Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas says there are five ways to commit gluttony:
- Laute – eating food that is too luxurious, exotic, or costly
- Studiose – eating food that is excessive in quality (too daintily or elaborately prepared)
- Nimis – eating food that is excessive in quantity (too much)
- Praepropere – eating hastily (too soon or at an inappropriate time)
- Ardenter – eating greedily (too eagerly)
St. Thomas Aquinas concludes that “gluttony denotes inordinate concupiscence in eating.” The first three ways are related to the food itself, while the last two related to the manner of eating. Abstinence from food and drink overcome the sin of gluttony, and the act of abstinence is fasting or mortification which helps control the flesh.